Where all the magic happens


deposit=withdrawaldeposit = withdrawal
Swaps between TEM and SWORD during staking and unstaking are always honored 1:1. The amount of TEM deposited into the staking contract will always result in the same amount of SWORD. And the amount of SWORD withdrawn from the staking contract will always result in the same amount of TEM.
rebase=1(TEMdeposits/SWORDoutstanding)rebase = 1 - ( TEMdeposits / SWORDoutstanding )
The treasury deposits TEM into the distributor. The distributor then deposits TEM into the staking contract, creating an imbalance between TEM and SWORD. SWORD is rebased to correct this imbalance between TEM deposited and SWORD outstanding. The rebase brings SWORD outstanding back up to parity so that 1 SWORD equals 1 staked TEM.


bondPrice=1+Premiumbond Price = 1 + Premium
TEM has an intrinsic value of 1 BUSD, which is roughly equivalent to $1. In order to make a profit from bonding, Templar charges a premium for each bond.
Premium=debtRatioBCVPremium = debt Ratio * BCV
The premium is derived from the debt ratio of the system and a scaling variable called BCV. BCV allows us to control the rate at which bond prices increase.
The premium determines profit due to the protocol and in turn, stakers. This is because new TEM is minted from the profit and subsequently distributed among all stakers.
debtRatio=bondsOutstanding/TEMsupplydebt Ratio = bondsOutstanding/TEMsupply
The debt ratio is the total of all TEM promised to bonders divided by the total supply of TEM. This allows us to measure the debt of the system.
bondPayoutreserveBond=marketValueasset / bondPricebondPayout_{reserveBond} = marketValue_{asset}\ /\ bondPrice
Bond payout determines the number of TEM sold to a bonder. For reserve bonds, the market value of the assets supplied by the bonder is used to determine the bond payout. For example, if a user supplies 1000 BUSD and the bond price is 250 BUSD, the user will be entitled 4 TEM.
bondPayoutlpBond=marketValuelpToken / bondPricebondPayout_{lpBond} = marketValue_{lpToken}\ /\ bondPrice
For liquidity bonds, the market value of the LP tokens supplied by the bonder is used to determine the bond payout. For example, if a user supplies 0.001 TEM-BUSD LP token which is valued at 1000 BUSD at the time of bonding, and the bond price is 250 BUSD, the user will be entitled 4 TEM.

TEM Supply

TEMsupplyGrowth=TEMstakers+TEMbonders+TEMDAOTEM_{supplyGrowth} = TEM_{stakers} + TEM_{bonders} + TEM_{DAO}
TEM supply does not have a hard cap. Its supply increases when:
  • TEM is minted and distributed to the stakers.
  • TEM is minted for the bonder. This happens whenever someone purchases a bond.
  • TEM is minted for the DAO. This happens whenever someone purchases a bond. The DAO gets the same number of TEM as the bonder.
TEMstakers=TEMtotalSupplyrewardRateTEM_{stakers} = TEM_{totalSupply} * rewardRate
At the end of each epoch, the treasury mints TEM at a set reward rate. These TEM will be distributed to all the stakers in the protocol.
TEMbonders=bondPayoutTEM_{bonders} = bondPayout
Whenever someone purchases a bond, a set number of TEM is minted. These TEM will not be released to the bonder all at once - they are vested to the bonder linearly over time. The bond payout uses a different formula for different types of bonds. Check the bonding section above to see how it is calculated.
TEMDAO=TEMbondersTEM_{DAO} = TEM_{bonders}
The DAO receives the same amount of TEM as the bonder. This represents the DAO profit.

Backing per TEM

TEMbacking=treasuryBalancestablecoin+treasuryBalanceotherAssetsTEM_{backing} = treasuryBalance_{stablecoin} + treasuryBalance_{otherAssets}
Every TEM in circulation is backed by the Templar treasury. The assets in the treasury can be divided into two categories: stablecoin and non-stablecoin.
treasuryBalancestablecoin=RFVreserveBond+RFVlpBondtreasuryBalance_{stablecoin} = RFV_{reserveBond} + RFV_{lpBond}
The stablecoin balance in the treasury grows when bonds are sold. RFV is calculated differently for different bond types.
RFVreserveBond=assetSuppliedRFV_{reserveBond} = assetSupplied
For reserve bonds such as BUSD bond, the RFV simply equals to the amount of the underlying asset supplied by the bonder.
RFVlpBond=2sqrt(constantProduct)(% ownership of the pool)RFV_{lpBond} = 2sqrt(constantProduct) * (\%\ ownership\ of\ the\ pool)
For LP bonds such as TEM-BUSD bond, the RFV is calculated differently because the protocol needs to mark down its value. Why? The LP token pair consists of TEM, and each TEM in circulation will be backed by these LP tokens - there is a cyclical dependency. To safely guarantee all circulating TEM are backed, the protocol marks down the value of these LP tokens, hence the name risk-free value (RFV).